Zum Ideal des öffentlichen Vernunftgebrauchs (German Edition)

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  1. Political liberalism and religious claims
  2. Political liberalism and religious claims
  3. Kant Bibliography —

I pity the babies whose mothers are busy texting trivialities instead of playing with their children; I pity the children who are tethered to their cell phones instead of playing ball; I pity the adolescents who are wasting their best years holding one of those artefacts instead of the hand of another young person. All those electronic devices are weakening the social bonds. Sociologists and psychologists should study this serious threat instead of repeating that communication is the cement of society. Communication accompanies social transactions and can instruct or stultify, mobilize or intimidate, but it is no substitute for production, collaboration and fight.

German idealist philosophies and their historical materialist adaptations seem still today fascinate people today: How do you interpret the fascination of Hegel and Co.

Contributed text 2: provincialising the concept of the secular (Benedikt Korf, Zurich)

Ironically, neither was born in Germany: subjective idealism was invented by George Berkeley, an Irish Anglican priest, and came to Kant via Hume, a Scottish skeptic; and objective Idealism came from Plato. When Germany was split into two, two Hegel Gesellschaften, one pro-Marx and the other anti-Marx, were organized. In particular, both accepted and developed the dialectical absurdities.

And if you believe that you understand Hegel, you can also believe that Husserl and his star pupil Heidegger were profound thinkers. He has managed to skirt all the important philosophical issues generated by contemporay science, in particular atomic physics, evolutionary biology, biological psychology, an socioeconomics.

Political liberalism and religious claims

His attempt to fuse Hegel, Marx and Freud has not resulted in a coherent system, and is not a research project. And his conflation of science, technology and ideology betrays his ignorance of all three. All genuine philosophy transcends national boundaries. Patriotic philosophies are just nationalist ideologies. What are pressing philosophical issues in the medical field? The most urgent task for a iatrophilosopher is to spot and denounce the pseudomedicines, such as acupuncture, homeopathy, and psychoanalysis.

But the most important tasks are a to find out and analyze the ways doctors think, and b to evaluate the ways biomedical researchers evaluate therapies. Medical diagnosis, the design and trial of synthetic man-made drugs, and the ambivalence of the medical-industrial complex, which stimulates the search for better therapies while at the same time corrupting some medical practitioners.

Ganz im Gegenteil in German , because in a couple of semesters you can learn who said what, whereas learning to philosophize takes a lifetime. My book is addressed to the biomedical researchers and practitioners who regard medicine as an exciting field full of holes and pregnant with surprising research opportunities — just like engineering and management science. Just a continuation of the scientific medicine born in the Paris hospitals around , the German medical and pharmaceutical laboratories born around , and the European public health schools and movements born around Medical breakthroughs, yes, but medical revolutions, no, thank, you, except in places where modern medicine has not yet arrived.

How do you manage this workload? Just curiosity and the belief that I can be of help. To me, work is not a burden but my main hobby. This is why I always take work with me when I go on holidays.

How important was your learning and working with students? It was very important, because young people often think out of the box and ask amazing questions. I miss that. Where did your students come from? It occurred to me that I had the duty to give society something in exchange for the free education I was getting. We offered courses in mechanical, electrical and chemical engineering, as well as in Spanish language, history, economics, and labor law. My Third-World roots remind me that the vast majority of our fellow human beings live hungry, sick, and uneducated, and that most social scientists, even in that world, ignore that ugly reality.

This is why my papers in mathematical sociology deal not with free choice among 30 flavors of ice-cream, but with social structure, social cohesion, and social marginality. Was ist spannender als der Mensch? Es komme nur darauf an, dass in dem dabei entworfenen Bild auch ein Mensch zutage tritt. Selbst die Empfehlung Vonneguts, einen Menschen in die Darstellung einer Sache einzubeziehen, droht angesichts massiver Unanschaulichkeit der betreffenden Sache unwirksam zu bleiben.

Deshalb gehe ich die Herausforderung an, indem ich nicht nur einen Menschen, sondern direkt eine ganze Gruppe von Menschen in meine Schilderung einbeziehe und indem ich einen weiteren Kunstgriff nutze: Ich schreibe meinen Text in Form einer Reportage. Vom April fand in Wien ein internationales Treffen von Systemtheoretikern und Kybernetikern statt — das European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research emcsr Denn Mario Bunge hat als international renommierter Wissenschaftsphilosoph wie kein zweiter die Verwendung des Systemkonzeptes in den empirischen Wissenschaften analysiert, bewertet und dadurch Standards gesetzt.

Die Leser, die kein besonderes Interesse an wissenschaftstheoretischen Fragen haben, werden sich nun fragen: Wieso den Atem anhalten, welche Spannung? Hier begegnen uns unmittelbar Hinweise auf das spannende Element des Morgens:. Und genau hier kommen wir auf den gesuchten, konfliktgeladenen Punkt. Mario Bunges Argument kommt — wie nicht anders zu erwarten — aus wissenschaftsphilosophischer Richtung. Die geschieht durchaus. Ist das Auseinanderhalten dieser beiden Begriffe lediglich eine solche feuilletonistische Launenhaftigkeit ohne Nachwirkung und ohne belastende Substanz?

Bertalanffy entwickelt seinen Gedanken in mehreren Schritten. Wir folgen ihm dabei:.

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Den Holismus systemisch bannen: Die semantische Theorie empirischer Wissenschaften. Wem es in seinem bisherigen Leben, seiner Ausbildung usw. Ein sich von diesem Holismus abgrenzender Systemismus, wie dieser beispielsweise von Bunge entwickelt wurde und wie er typischerweise von empirisch-wissenschaftlichen Forschern vertreten wird, arbeitet mit einer grundlegend anderen semantischen Theorie.

Die Leser des vorliegenden Beitrags sind nun gespannt darauf zu erfahren, wie das Konzept seines Vortrags angelegt haben mag. Rapoport war der Ansicht, dass der Systemismus stattdessen eine Sichtweise, ein Approach ist, der hilft Probleme zu erfassen und diese in ihrem realen Kontext zu betrachten.

Die Wirkung von Bunges Worten? Wie wirken diese Hinweise auf die hier versammelten Systemtheoretiker?

Political liberalism and religious claims

Werden sie ignoriert oder wird ihnen per Gegenrede begegnet? Forscher haben stets empirische Systeme zu untersuchen und hier nach den konkreten Mechanismen zu suchen, die hier wirken. Der eine oder andere mag vielleicht den Impuls bekommen haben, seinen eigenen Systemismus einer Probe zu unterziehen und diesen mit den Standards abzugleichen, wie Bunge diese in seinem umfassenden Werk gesetzt hat. Ich hatte die Gelegenheit, eine ganze Reihe interessanter Kapitel dieses Buchs vorab zu lesen und durchzuarbeiten.

Bei Bunges Buch handelt es sich wahrscheinlich um das erste medizin-philosophische Werk, das die grundlegenden Konzepte der Medizin systematisch analysiert und diskutiert. Stattdessen untersucht er in seinem neuen Werk alle wichtigen Aspekte der biomedizinischen Forschung und Praxis:. Auch danach unternimmt er noch Vortragsreisen — wie beispielsweise nach Peking, China Bericht zum Nachlesen hier!

Ihr Fokus liegt auf dem organisch-chemisch-physischen Komplex der menschlichen Existenz. Dagegen macht Bunge den Vorschlag, naturalistische und tendenzweise empirizistische Denkweisen in einer neuen medizinischen Perspektive aufzuheben. It became obvious that Bunge is an experienced writer and that he has an important and readable message.

  1. Introduction!
  2. Occultism and science!
  3. Critical Care of the Pediatric Patient, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics - E-Book (The Clinics: Internal Medicine).
  4. Contributed text 2: provincialising the concept of the secular (Benedikt Korf, Zurich)?
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  7. Zusammenfassung.
  8. He takes a very clear critical position on various forms of alternative medicine. I enthusiastically recommend the publication of this brightly instructive book. Schlaggar A. Ernest and Jane G. Louis, USA. His work is deep and clear, illuminating what we sense but do not know…Medical Philosophy is a milestone in medical thinking. Bunge does not confine himself to evidence-based medicine, the one centered in randomized controlled trials, i.

    To start with — in a nutshell: What is philosophical competence? I would like to start making use of exactly this question:? Mario Bunge : Most philosophers today avoid taking firm stands on anything. Mario Bunge: That is very true. Mario Bunge: Philosophical competence is hard to judge, and at any rate philosophical juries are very different in different cultures. The Big Questions come in bundles! Mario Bunge: Some of the big philosophical problems have been solved by science, at least to a 1st approximation.

    During the Enlightment they even appeared to be counselors of political leaders:?

    Kant Bibliography —

    Mario Bunge: The Enlightenment was an enormous progress, but it was followed by the Counter Enlightenment, so that its ideals were not realized. Mario Bunge: I disagree. They practiseafundamental defensivenessespecially againstmodern science:? Mario Bunge: There is a continuum between science and philosophy. Mario Bunge: Whereas scientists may remain satisfied with the latest scientific findings, philosophers may warn that it will always be too early to hail the latest as the last.

    Mario Bunge: Yes, philosophy can help laymen spot and reject the numerous pseudoscientific beliefs that survive in the media, such as the fantasies of psychoanalysts, evolutionary psychologists, and economic equilibrium theorists. Moreover, they may suggest a few rules for evaluating any knowledge claim: Is it compatible with the bulk of what is known?

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    Is it supported by solid empirical evidence? Does it suggest new research projects? Does it threaten any basic social value, such as peace and wellbeing? Can it give succour to any of the enemies of moral and social progres s? Interviewing Mario Bunge How to cope with scientific myths? Mario Bunge: Yes, it is scandalous the way some scientists accept uncritically some of the most ridiculous speculations, such as the plurality of worlds, the opinion that spacetime has more than 4 dimensions, that particles can move faster than light, or that human life can be prolonged indefinitely.

    Mario Bunge: This is an interesting question that deserves to be pursued at great lengths in an interdisciplinary manner. Mario Bunge : One of the causes is the separation of science from philosophy: the belief that science Is self-sufficient.